Faculty Resources

Site: Online Learning & Educational Technology (OLET)
Course: Online Learning & Educational Technology (OLET)
Book: Faculty Resources
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Date: Thursday, June 13, 2024, 4:07 PM

Moodle 4.1 News

What's New?
  • Upgraded to Moodle 4.1
  • Applied the 2024 Course Structure Template
What Has Changed?

OVERVIEW: Most notably, Moodle 4.1 has separated the Dashboard and My courses (as seen in the red bar at the top of any Moodle page). The Dashboard is designed with student success in mind, keeping students on track with its Timeline and Calendar. Additionally, each course has a Course Index and a Block Drawer which are collapsible via blue tabs on either side of the Main page. Course navigation has also been simplified by replacing the Nav Drawer and the blue gear icon with Secondary menus. See more details below:

  • The Moodle Dashboard:
    • Academic Support & Essentials: From Microsoft Office 365 FREE software to online Tutoring Services, these links directly access many of the resources students need to succeed at CCC.
    • Timeline: This block can display due dates that have been assigned. Students can choose whether to view those activities over the next week, month, or further into the future. This block also states the activity completion requirement and takes anyone directly to that activity in the course.
    • Recently accessed courses: The block shows the courses that were last visited, allowing anyone to quickly jump back in.
    • Calendar: Course assignments, quizzes, etc. may be configured to automatically populate this block. However, anyone can also create their own reminders too. Simply click on the month (e.g. June), then on the New event button in the right-hand corner of the month view.

  • Moodle My courses:
    • My courses: All of your courses can be found under this link—to the right of the Dashboard link—at the top of every Moodle page. (Remember, you can still filter the Course Overview to show those courses In progress, Future, Past, Starred, and Removed from View.)

  • Moodle 4.1:
    • Automatic Course Visibility: Courses will be made visible to students automatically on the first day of the course and hidden approximately 7 days after the course ends.
    • Course Description Image: Add a meaningful image (widescreen orientation) to your My courses listing to engage students and distinguish your individual course sections.
    • Course Index: Navigate your course with this collapsible drawer. The Course Index also displays completion indicators (solid green and empty circles) showing which activities have been completed and which still must be done.
    • Collapse All weeks, modules, or topics in both the Course Index or the course Main page to reduce scrolling.
    • Activity Completion: Completion criteria are now clearly defined and tracked, as well as fed to the Timeline and Calendar when deadlines are applied.
  • Moodle 2023 Course Structure Template:
    • Course Essentials is designed to support students with a consistent user experience and the essentials needed to succeed:
    • Module Overview prepares students for learning with Module Learning Outcomes that are clearly defined, measurable, and aligned to learning activities and assessments.
    • Contact Information encourages and supports student-instructor interaction.

—Frequently Asked Questions

  • Will I lose my course content when I import my existing course into Moodle 4.1?
    • NO. Moodle 4.1 will import everything from your original course.

  • Will the new template impact my course layout?
    • NO.  Your course format (weekly or topic) and content will appear in the same order as in your original course. However, the General section will now be called Course Essentials which includes a sample syllabus Moodle Book and other recommended items. Any integrated 2024 Course Structure Template items, such as a learning outcomes label, are hidden from students by default.

      NOTE: The 2024 Course Structure Template will only be applied to empty Moodle shells.

  • Will I need to update my course content?
    • MAYBE. You may need to update any student resource that addresses course navigation since Moodle 4.1 has simplified the user experience. You'll also want to review the Start of Term Procedures since they have been updated as well.
If you have any additional questions, please email online@clackamas.edu

—What Can You Do?

  • Watch the Introduction to Moodle 4.0 Video:

OLET Learning Opportunities

Thursdays 1:00-3:00 pm

Weekly topic discussions and open workspaces held on Zoom ONLY

Past Sessions:

Can't make one of our LIVE sessions? Request a custom or specialized group training/workshop through our Online Learning/Moodle Support ticketing system.

Need 1:1 Help?

Schedule a Zoom appointment with the Online Learning & Educational Technology (OLET) team:

We can also send you resource materials and/or design a session for your department or program.

LOOK! 2024 Faculty Professional Development Opportunities are available through our Online Learning Consortium institutional membership.

Self-Enroll Trainings

Remember... you can always submit a ticket to discuss your specialized training/workshops needs.

—Recommended Term Timline

  Activity Details
Pre-Term Start 1 - Get help with Moodle and/or Zoom

Visit the red bar on any Moodle page under Faculty > *Remote/Online Instruction FAQ* to access resources, upcoming Moodle and Zoom training, and/or email online@clackamas.edu for assistance.

2 - Create your remote teaching plan

You'll want to assemble your course assets: syllabus, learning outcomes, assessments, required textbooks, resource materials, etc. before you begin working in Moodle. Take some time to consider how you want your course structured—with a weekly or module/topics format.

3 - Update your syllabus

Include your communication and new course details as necessary. Be sure to include a link to CCC Resources and Information for Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic and CCC Support and Emergency Funding Resources too. When you're ready, upload it to Moodle or add it to your welcome email.

4 - Identity essential material to distribute

Check your remote teaching plan - what are the essential components for week one? What are your goals for this week, and do any of those goals rely on materials that need to be converted to a digital format?

5 - Send first welcome message

Send your welcome message to students to inform them how you will communicate throughout the term, through what medium, and how often.

6 - Distribute student remote readiness survey

In your welcome message, consider including this short survey to students. While this will not ultimately be the determinate of how you teach, having a better idea of your students' technology capabilities can inform important decisions you need to make.

Are you ready for online learning?

For example, if less than half of the class has reliable home internet, requiring synchronous sessions on Zoom might not be successful and an asynchronous option should be considered.

7 - Review week one

By now you have completed a review of your course content for the first week or two of class, considered how you will deliver your essential content, and communicated critical information to your students. (Take a deep breath.)

Before the class automatically opens on the first day of the term, consider the information you have gathered. Is there anything glaringly missing? Are there stakeholders (your chair, admin, online learning staff) who you need to contact for any information? Remember that you can hide course elements from student view until you are ready to release them.

First Week 1 - Post welcome and syllabus

Welcome your students through your established communication method (as you outline in your course syllabus). Introduce yourself and the class.

2 - Take attendance

You'll need to use an asynchronous attendance activity to record attendance such as:

3 - Manage late enrollments

As usual, there is likely to be much shuffling of students during the first week of the term. If a student approaches you requesting a late add to your course, you will need to contact Registration.

If you have students who are struggling with technology and access, you can refer them to the Cougar Connect Information Desk.

4 - Get started teaching!

Hopefully, by day two or three of the term you can start diving into the real curriculum of the course. Remember that there are best practices, pedagogical recommendations, and more technology resources available via the red bar on any Moodle page under Faculty.

Ongoing 1 - Host office hours

Host virtual office hours. This means being available for student questions and consultation during a specific, predetermined period of time. You can host virtual office hours through Zoom video conferencing, or simply be readily available through email or phone...whatever works for you and your class.

2 - Deliver content

Keep calm and carry on: deliver your lectures, assess student comprehension, provide grade information and feedback, and engage with your class to the best of your ability.

3 - Get help with Moodle and/or Zoom

Visit the red bar on any Moodle page under Faculty > *Remote/Online Instruction FAQ* to access resources, see upcoming Moodle and Zoom training, and/or email online@clackamas.edu for assistance.


—Working with Question Banks

Import Questions

  1. Download and (if needed) unzip the question bank(s) from the publisher's site
  2. Log in to Moodle and enter the designated course
  3. Locate the Actions menu (gear icon) from the top-right corner and select the More option
  4. Scroll down to the Question bank section, then click the Import link
  5. Select the appropriate File format (most commonly Aiken, Blackboard, or Examview)
  6. If you have Gradebook Categories already established:
    a. Expand the General section
    b. Select the Import category destination (i.e. generally the current course)
  7. NOTE: If you do not have Gradebook Categories already established, see Reusable Question Pools: Categories next.
  8. Drag and drop each question bank file into the box under the Import questions from file section one file at a time.
  9. Click the Import button and wait
  10. NOTE:Two green notices signify success. If you see a red alert or an error message or a blank line instead of imported question text, contact ISPD for help.
  11. Preview your results, then click Continue to review the individual questions (see Edit an Existing Quiz Question)
NOTE: Ask your textbook representative or CCC course lead to supply you with a question bank that can be imported into Moodle.

Edit an Existing Quiz Question

  1. Login to Moodle
  2. Locate the question in the quiz or question bank in the designated course
  3. Click the Edit icon (represented by a gear symbol)
  4. Make any desired changes, then Preview the changes
  5. Close the Preview window and click Save changes
NOTE: You may want to edit an existing question to clarify the text or add feedback, etc.

Reusable Question Pool: Categories

  1. Log in to Moodle and enter the designated course
  2. Locate the Actions menu (gear icon) from the top-right corner and select the More option
  3. Scroll down to the Question bank section, then click the Categories link
  4. Scroll to the bottom of the page to the Add category form:
    a. Parent category: use Default for (course name)
    b. Name: use textbook title with edition/year and (subsequently) textbook topics/chapters
    c. Category info: N/A
  5. Repeat to add new categories
NOTE: You may want to place multiple chapter categories in a parent/book category with edition or version information to form a comprehensive question pool.

Convert MC Questions from Document/PDF

  1. Open a plain text editor (e.g. Windows Notepad or Apple TextEdit)
  2. Copy and paste your questions from the document/PDF into the text editor
  3. Reformat as needed to comply with the instructions below:
    • Each question must be on its own line without any numbering 
    • All options must: 
      • begin with a capital letter: A, B, C, etc.
      • follow each capital letter with a period and a single space
      • be continuous text, i.e. without a forced line break 
      • ANSWER must be in all caps, followed by a colon, a single space, (see example below) and a capitalized correct answer letter.
      • Separate each question with a single line break.
Each multiple-choice (MC) question is composed of a stem followed by four options—one correct option and four distracters.
Special characters (such as é, ñ, “”) may cause the question bank import to fail or the question text to display incorrectly. So… either remove the special characters prior to the import or replace them once the questions appear in Moodle.

  1. Click the File > Save or Save As option (.txt) in the text editor
  2. Locate the Plain Text Encoding drop-down menu and select Unicode (UTF-8)
  3. Click the Save button (see Import Questions for next steps)

Tips for Writing Good Multiple-Choice Questions 

These tips are adapted from the Item Developers Guide published by the Professional Testing Corporation. 

  •  A good question stem:
    •  focuses on important learning objectives and avoids testing trivia.
    • presents a problem situation clearly.
    • is stated positively rather than negatively.
    • avoids the use of the pronouns it, he, she, and you.

    • is presented as simply as possible, including only information that is necessary to understand the problem.
    • includes all words that have to be repeated in each option.

    • specifies the authority or standard upon which the correct option is based if the question calls for a judgment (e.g. According to the American Medical Association).
    • poses a problem to which the correct answer is not likely to change over time.
  • Correct options are unquestionably correct! Distractors are unquestionably wrong!
  • All options are grammatically related to the stem. If the stem asks a question, each of the four options provides a plausible answer to the question. If the stem is an incomplete statement, each option serves to complete the statement.
  • All options are homogeneous in terms of structure and content. • The correct option is similar in length to the distracters.
  • Absolute terms are avoided (e.g. all, none, always, never, generally, often, likely).
  • Options are mutually exclusive.
  • The correct option includes no incorrect information.
  • Avoid None of the above and All of the above.

2024 OLC Institutional Membership

The Online Learning & Educational Technology (OLET)  department has again partnered with the Online Learning Consortium (OLC)  to provide all CCC faculty with an opportunity to improve their professional practice.

Here are just some of the benefits:

Scheduled Webinars

  • The OLC Research Center for Digital Learning & Leadership
  • Online Learning Journal
  • OLC Book Series
  • OLC Insights
  • OLC Press

Look for an opportunity to share your learning experiences at the SHOW AND TELL: Summer Professional Development Roundtable this fall.

Tools for Educators
  • Communities of Practice in Higher Education
  • Supporting Online Adjunct Faculty Across Institutional Roles
  • The Blended Institution of Higher Education
  • Online Adjunct Faculty: A Survey Of Institutional Policies and Practices 
  • Caring for Students Playbook: Six Recommendations
  • Optimizing High-Quality Digital Learning Experiences: A Playbook for Faculty
  • Planning for a Blended Future: A Research-Driven Guide for Educators
OLC Research Center

AND THERE'S MORE... Take time to explore all the workshops and webinars available on the Online Learning Consortium website. If you would like to register for any of these learning opportunities, please email your selection to dw.wood@clackamas.edu and take advantage of our institutional discount.

Contact Moodle Support

Prioritized service: Submit a ticket to Online Learning/Moodle Support for...

  • Accessibility
  • Moodle
  • Technology-Enhanced Classroom
  • Training/Workshops
  • Zoom/Kaltura

Schedule a Zoom appointment:

Phone: 503-594-6618
Email: online@clackamas.edu
Oregon City Campus: Streeter Hall S143 Monday-Thursday

Still need help? Contact our extended support team for after hours, weekend and/or bilingual support (English/Español).

Make Your Course Accessible

Why should I make my course accessible?
What can I do to make my course more accessible?


  1. Make your materials screen reader-friendly by using the built-in styles and formatting (for headings, lists, columns (instead of tables), paragraph styles, etc.) for all of your documents and online content.
  2. Include descriptions for any images by using ALT-text. Follow the best practices of ALT-text and learn how to include these descriptions in Moodle, Google Docs, and Microsoft Word
  3. When posting weblinks online or in documents, make them descriptive, not navigational (for example, Clackamas Community College Website NOT click here). Follow the best practices of “Creating Accessible HyperText Links” to ensure all users have access to the resources you post. 
  4. Captions ensure that hearing-impaired people can access videos, Zoom meetings and classes, and any kind of recording, but research shows that captions benefit everyone. Turn captions on in Zoom during all live, real-time sessions. As of 2023, any video recorded to the Zoom Cloud or uploaded/recorded in Kaltura (My Media) will be automatically machine captioned. Machine Captions are rarely perfect and can be easily corrected by the video owner in both Zoom and Kaltura.
    NOTE: If you have an older video from before auto-captioning or those captions are disabled for some reason, you can request and enable machine captions through Kaltura.
  5. Use an accessibility checker on your stuff (Yuja Panorama in Moodle, Microsoft Word Accessibility Checker, Google Docs Accessibility Checker

—Yuja Panorama

Yuja Panorama, which is already integrated into your Moodle course, helps check and improve the accessibility of course materials and resources. The tool can also generate alternative formats for you and your students.

What happened to Anthology Ally? The Oregon Community College Distance Learning Association (OCCDLA) chose to change to Panorama after a great deal of testing and evaluation. The tool offers more features and innovative support to improve accessibility in your course(s).

Panorama provides accessible content to help every learner succeed. The integrated tool provides students with easy access to a plethora of alternative formats to choose from and provides instructors with scorecards and badges to help ensure content is as accessible as possible. Here are just some of its resources:

  • Accessibility Checker helps you to find accessibility issues, as well as fix them—sometimes without even leaving Moodle.
  • Alternate Formats Tool—signified by an accessibility icon—generates alternative formats of your documents for you and your students.
  • Accessibility Design Tool helps you create accessible content right from the start via the Moodle ATTO Text Editor.

For more information, visit the OLET Knowledge Base article on Panorama.

Online Teaching Best Practices

Online courses must be equivalent to in-person courses in content and quality—but what does that mean? It’s more than just using the same class plans in an online format. Aligned with CCC ISP (Instructional Standards & Procedures) 150: Online, Hybrid, and Remote Courses, this resource explores how you can create and run an online course with student engagement, regular and substantive interaction (RSI), and reflection in mind.

Course Design

Crucial elements of a well-designed online course leading to high-quality education and student success include: 

  • Deliberate focus on the learning outcomes, especially while choosing readings and materials and designing assignments. Active learning and student engagement are key to student success. Consider the sequence of readings, materials, and assignments in order to scaffold learning toward the attainment of the outcomes. Additionally, visually reflect this sequence in your course (e.g., Label, Book, Completion Tracking).
  • Awareness of both accessibility and copyright law, making sure that all readings are legally available for students and that proper means of access are provided for diverse learners (e.g., closed caption videos, webpages that will work well with screen readers, and so on). Consider a variety of modes and instructional materials to align with the nontraditional delivery method.
  • A prominent and easily navigable syllabus. This must meet all requirements listed in CCC ISP 160A: Course Syllabus Information and Format, including the following: 
    • Schedule of readings, assignments, and tests with accurate and current dates;
    • Clear parameters and expectations for grade calculation;
    • Office hours for the instructor, as well as contact information (email and office phone);
    • List of readings, texts, or course materials;
    • Learning outcomes for the course;
    • Available resources such as the Disability Resource Center and the Learning Center;
    • Other important policies such as academic honesty and late work.
  • An online gradebook so that students have access to their progress. 
Midterm Redesign Techniques and Strategies
  • Engage in flipped learning where students can review online lectures (recorded via Zoom or Kaltura) in advance of the limited in-class time.
  • Convert recognize and recall knowledge assessments to individual study or review with Moodle Quiz settings, Kaltura Quiz knowledge checks, and/or specific H5P content types.
  • Communicate an explicit set of criteria focused on student learning outcomes and expedite grading speed with Moodle Rubrics.
  • Assign Moodle Groups to improve collaboration, community building, and reduce grading time.
  • Engage students in the Year/Term realignment process (even anonymously) through the Moodle Feedback, Questionnaire, or Choice activities.

Course Start

To set students up for success in the potentially difficult beginning of an online class, instructors should:

  • Check all links and video/audio clips to make sure they are current and functioning properly before making the course visible to students.
  • Open the course by (at the latest) the start of the first day of the course. The course syllabus information, especially the means for contacting the instructor, should be visible on that first day.
  • Notify students that class has started (for example, via email, through a News Update on Moodle, or through other means), with particular attention to their expectations for interaction, as well as to the fact that they have access to technical and academic support should they need it.
  • Provide an introduction to the course, including its overall objectives, its general operating structure, and a clear path for getting started. This can be on the course homepage itself, though it can also be provided in an email. An introduction to the instructor is also recommended.
  • Make the syllabus both prominent and online-friendly. Students should be guided through reading the syllabus and showing they understand the requirements (as a face-to-face class might take the first class session to discuss the syllabus).
  • Provide an introduction activity for students. Online learning can be isolating, but it is both possible and desirable to build a community for learners to relate to and interact with one another.
  • Communicate actively with students as they begin the course. This includes frequent check-ins with the class website, but also vigilant email communication in the opening days. See also the next point, “Communicating.”

Course Communication

To maximize student engagement through effective online communication, instructors should:

  • Make your presence a visible and integral part of the class, participating in discussions and responding directly to student questions.
  • Respond to emails and discussion board questions in a timely matter, ideally within 2 business days.
  • Make every effort to provide grades and feedback on assignments within one week of receiving completed work so that students are able to apply and build on course concepts and skills.
  • Promote a sense of community within the class, encouraging students to respond to each other to deepen understanding and engagement.
  • Consider online office hours as well as in-person ones.

Course Management

How an instructor manages an online class requires as much mindful attention and effort as any face-to-face class. It is important to consider both how course materials are delivered and how student progress is monitored. To manage online courses effectively, instructors should consider the following:
  • Contact inactive students, in a timely manner, ideally no later than the end of the first week.
  • Pay particular attention to student progress early in the course. Communicate directly with students when they fall behind or seem to be underperforming.
  • Make weekly announcements, reminders, or posts of new material to help keep students engaged.
  • Facilitate discussion with strong instructor presence, including meaningful responses and commentary.
  • Intervene to re-direct inappropriate behavior or unsatisfactory comments.
  • Refer students to the appropriate learning services and resources as needed.
  • Design learning opportunities to promote interaction and active learning.
  • Provide timely and personalized feedback early enough for students to adjust their performance.
  • Perform frequent assessments of student learning, and be willing to make changes based on such assessments.
  • Provide access to current grade status and keep the gradebook current.
  • Fix broken links, typos, and mistakes or otherwise update the course content as appropriate.
  • Provide opportunities for students to ask questions about or give feedback on the course and be willing to adapt as necessary.

—Creating Community Online

Preferred Name

Communicate with your students about which name they prefer to use. If names are inaccurate, they can be updated as follows:

  • Contact Registration on the Oregon City Campus (in Roger Rook) to change the Display name across the institution

NOTE: All Display, Username, and Email can be changed between terms via Registration.

Moodle Profile Image

Upload a picture to your Moodle Profile so your students can easily identify you. Then, ask your students to do the same.

  1. Login to Moodle
  2. Click the down arrow (top-right) to open the User Menu
  3. Select Profile
  4. Click Edit profile under User details
  5. Scroll to User picture and upload an image
  6. Scroll to click Update profile to save changes

Welcome Students

Welcome each student to your Moodle course by name.

  1. Login to the designated course in Moodle and Turn editing on
  2. Choose the desired content item, then click on the Edit menu > Edit settings option
  3. Type and/or [lastname] (in lowercase as shown) within the course content, heading, or forum post to automatically reference each student by name
  4. Click the Save changes button at the bottom of the page


Create a Forum (public) or Assignment (private) Activity within Moodle asking students to introduce themselves; and/or…

Introduce yourself to your students with a welcoming video using Zoom Video Conferencing.

  1. Login to Moodle via online.clackamas.edu
  2. Within the red bar at the top of Moodle open the Faculty menu
  3. Select Zoom Video Conferencing
  4. Select Recording Content (PDF)
  5. Follow the instructions provided:
    • Activate your account
    • Record a video
    • Upload a video to YouTube
    • Embed a YouTube video in Moodle

Learn Faces and Names

Learn faces and names as you use Zoom Video Conferencing.

  1. Login to Moodle via online.clackamas.edu
  2. Within the red bar at the top of Moodle open the Faculty menu
  3. Select Zoom Video Conferencing
  4. Select Best Practices (PDF)
  5. Follow the instructions provided under Best Practices > Session Recording
  6. Select and check Video Recordings > Meeting > Always display participants’ names on their videos

—Instructor Presence

NOTE: This guide is adapted from the book Effective Online Teaching: Foundations and Strategies for Student Success by Tina Stavredes and the QM Teaching Online Certificate required course Creating Presence in Your Online Course.

Regular and substantive interaction (RSI) through online instructor presence

There are five types of interactions that can create instructor presence in your online classroom. Consider what strategies you would implement for each opportunity:

  • Encourage learner participation
  • Monitor learner progress
  • Communicate feedback on learner performance
  • Encourage learner knowledge construction and critical thinking
  • Encourage learner self-directness

1 - Encourage Learner Participation

  • Welcome your learners at the beginning of the course (i.e. when their feelings of isolation and transactional distance are at their greatest)
  • Work to develop a rapport with your learners through individual, personalized communications
  • Call your learners by name at every opportunity
  • Encourage your learners to participate and interact with you
  • Post a personal introduction (i.e. express your personality, teaching style, and passion for your subject area) and encourage your learners to do the same
  • Share information on both a professional and personal level so your learners identify you as an expert and as an individual

2 - Monitor Learner Progress

  • Monitor your learners’ progress and performance on a weekly basis with built-in Moodle features (i.e. Completion Tracking and Reports)
  • Intervene with just-in-time communications to help learners overcome any issues
  • Provide proactive guidance and opportunities for learners to improve their performance
  • Interact on a regular basis with learners who are inactive or fall behind
  • Motivate your learners with a phone call or one-on-one Zoom meeting to discuss their progress and troubleshoot any issues
  • Follow-up with an email that details the issue(s) discussed and the specific plan/timeline your learners need to action to overcome those challenges
  • Ask your learners to confirm that they agree with the plan/timeline and the actions they need to take

3 - Communicate Feedback

  • Deliver formative feedback that specifically discusses how your learners can improve their performance (i.e. exactly where to invest additional time and effort)
  • Interact with your learners on a weekly basis at the beginning of the course to assess performance and clarify expectations
  • Be clear, specific, and positive in your recommendations for improvement to keep your learners motivated and on track with meeting expectations
  • Stress strategic and well-placed effort over ability (i.e. growth mindset)
  • Encourage learners to assess their own work through Moodle Rubrics and Checklists
  • Grade assignments promptly to reduce learners’ anxiety
  • Post grades in the Moodle Gradebook so learners can monitor their progress over time

4 - Encourage Knowledge Construction

Use the following strategies to encourage knowledge construction and critical thinking in your online discussion forums:

    • I have been monitoring the forum and have not seen any posts, so I wanted to give you a little more information to get you started. Consider the following elements as you compose your discussion response this week [list elements]. For example …
    • Consider the following scenario [to put the discussion in context] …
    • Let me give you a concrete example …
    • From my experience, an example to help you understand the concept is …
    • You have a great start on the discussion this week. Can you elaborate on your thoughts and ideas and consider the following in your response [list areas where the learner has not responded fully to the discussion question]?
    • I appreciate your comments about …
    • Can you clarify your response, so we can clearly understand your thoughts and ideas?
    • Can you provide an illustration or example?
    • Can you state this in a different way?
    • I appreciate your comment; however, I am unclear how this relates to the discussion question. Can you provide more information to help us see the connection to the topic we are discussing this week?
    • I really appreciate the multiple perspectives on the issue we are discussing this week. John, Sue, and Nancy believe … while Paul, Jerry, and Carrie believe …
    • How do you reconcile the different views? • Is there compelling evidence to support one view over the other?
    • Are there other ways of viewing this issue that have not been considered?
    • For example, in my experience …
    • One aspect of the readings that has not been discussed is … What impact does this have?
Off-Topic Weaving
    • I really appreciate the points that have been on the issue including … it appears that some of the points do not relate specifically to this topic such as …, so please be sure that you consider … as you discuss the topic to ensure that all of your comments help us develop a deeper understanding of the topic or issue.
    • Consider the following alternative scenario … How would this influence your view of the issue?
    • According to … there is another side to this issue. They cite … as evidence for their perspective. How does this information fit with your perspective on the issue? • Is there another way of looking at this perspective from a different lens? What if you were faced with …? What would you do if … occurred? How would you feel if …? From my experience, I have found …
Inferences and Assumptions
    • Can you discuss the specific inferences and assumptions you are making from this perspective?
    • For this to be true, then … would also have to be true. Have you considered this?
    • For this to be true, then you must also believe that …
    • What evidence do you have to support the inferences and assumptions you are making?
    • What inferences and assumptions does the author make to lead to his/her conclusions?
    • Can you discuss the implications of your line of reasoning on this issue?
    • If this is true, how will this influence the present conditions? What will that mean for the future?
    • If this is true, what actions must be taken today? In the future?
    • What groups will this line of reasoning affect?

5 - Encourage Self-Directedness

Use the appropriate strategies to encourage self-directedness in your learners:

Stage 1: Dependent Learner
  • Learners require more frequent feedback to let them know how they are doing and if they are meeting your expectations.
  • Feedback should include prompts to help dependent learners become more independent.
  • Include processes for overcoming roadblocks as they engage in learning activities, including road maps, checklists, due date documents, outlines, rubrics, and any other resources available to support a dependent learner.
Stage 2: Lack of Confidence and Motivation
  • Be encouraging and acknowledge that the learners’ willingness and enthusiasm for learning will help them be successful.
  • Help learners build their confidence so that they can accomplish the objectives of the course.
  • Help learners expand on explanations and encourage learners to review their work prior to submitting it for grading.
  • Encourage learners to ask questions early on instead of struggling with activities and assignments; this can help alleviate frustration and stress from not being sure of the requirements or the activities.
Stage 3: Confident and Motivated
  • Help learners expand their thinking by having them explore higher levels of thinking on the subject.
  • Help learners apply their understanding in novel ways.
Stage 4: Self-Directed
  • • Provide specific feedback on learners’ assignments that points out excellence and why it is excellent.
  • • Help learners self-evaluate their performance to enhance critical thinking skills and determine any gaps in learning. From the self-evaluation, they can develop a plan to fill any gaps to continue to build their knowledge and skills.


—Universal Design for Learning

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework for educational practices that reflect a high value for both diversity and inclusiveness. Review the resources below to learn more about UDL and its practical application in your online course.


AT LEFT: UDL Academy How to Read the UDL Guidelines (YouTube Video)

AT LEFT: Applying UDL with Professor Tom Tobin (YouTube Video)

Zoom Video Conferencing

Zoom is a synchronous online collaboration tool that can be used to conduct and record online lectures, host office hours, set up group meeting spaces, and more—all with annotation and whiteboard capabilities.

—How to Access Zoom Cloud Recordings in Kaltura

There are two ways to access your Zoom Cloud Recordings in Kaltura:


  1. Go to video.clackamas.edu
  2. Click Login
  3. Select My Media from the drop-down menu


  1. Go to online.clackamas.edu
  2. Click on Log in
  3. Click on My Media in the red bar

NOTE: All content added to Kaltura via Moodle will also appear in MediaSpace. 

—Zoom Cloud-Recordings Retention Plan

Zoom Video Cloud Recording will be stored in the Zoom Cloud for up to 90-days with permanent copies of the original videos automatically uploaded to Kaltura. These videos are available through MediaSpace or the My Media area of Moodle. 

    • Edited Videos: Zoom will automatically upload the original cloud recording to Kaltura, but if you edit your Zoom cloud recording you will need to manually download the edited video and upload to Kaltura if you wish to save those changes beyond the 90 days. However, the best choice is to edit your videos in Kaltura.
    • Permanently-Deleted Videos: We do not have a method to restore a permanently-deleted video so it is important that you verify (see instructions below) any video you wish to have beyond the 90-day retention plan is uploaded to Kaltura prior to the 90 days. 

    How-To Zoom Management

    —How to Enable/Disable Sound Notifications

    Enabling Sound notification allows the host to play sound when someone joins or leaves a scheduled meeting with video turned on. If the sound notification is disabled, no sound will be played when someone joins or leaves the meeting.

      1. Sign in to clackamas.zoom.us
      2. Click on Settings from the PERSONAL menu to the left. 
      3. Scroll down to Sound notification when someone joins or leaves under In Meeting (Basic).
      4. Toggle the setting on or off depending on your preference. 



    —Required Security Settings for Zoom Meetings

    Zoom now requires all meetings to be secured with one of the following security options: 

    • A Passcode
    • Waiting Room
    • Only authenticated users can join meetings
    These options provide additional protection and privacy for your meetings and help prevent uninvited guests from joining. If no security option is enabled, Zoom will automatically secure all meetings with a Waiting Room. 

    If you need help selecting and setting up the best security option for your meetings, please view this article Zoom Meeting Security Options that discusses each of these options.